1Earth and Environmental Systems Institute, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
2Department of Geosciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
Received: 02 Apr 2012 – Discussion started: 04 May 2012
Abstract. The formulation of a 3-D ice sheet-shelf model is described. The model is designed for long-term continental-scale applications, and has been used mostly in paleoclimatic studies. It uses a hybrid combination of the scaled shallow ice and shallow shelf approximations for ice flow. Floating ice shelves and grounding-line migration are included, with parameterized ice fluxes at grounding lines that allows relatively coarse resolutions to be used. All significant components and parameterizations of the model are described in some detail. Basic results for modern Antarctica are compared with observations, and simulations over the last 5 million years are compared with previously published results. The sensitivity of ice volumes during the last deglaciation to basal sliding coefficients is discussed.
Revised: 03 Aug 2012 – Accepted: 04 Sep 2012 – Published: 17 Oct 2012
Pollard, D. and DeConto, R. M.: Description of a hybrid ice sheet-shelf model, and application to Antarctica, Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 1273-1295, doi:10.5194/gmd-5-1273-2012, 2012.