1KU Leuven, Dept. Earth and Environmental Sciences, Celestijnenlaan 200E, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
2Deutscher Wetterdienst, Frankfurter Straße 135, 63067 Offenbach, Germany
3University of Łodź, Department of Meteorology and Climatology, Narutowicza 88, 90-139 Łodź, Poland
4VITO, Flemish Institute for Technological Research, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium
5SCK•CEN, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium
6VMM, Flemish Environmental Agency, Dokter De Moorstraat 24–26, 9300 Aalst, Belgium
Received: 14 Mar 2016 – Discussion started: 12 Apr 2016
Abstract. This paper presents the Semi-empirical URban canopY parametrization (SURY) v1.0, which bridges the gap between bulk urban land-surface schemes and explicit-canyon schemes. Based on detailed observational studies, modelling experiments and available parameter inventories, it offers a robust translation of urban canopy parameters – containing the three-dimensional information – into bulk parameters. As a result, it brings canopy-dependent urban physics to existing bulk urban land-surface schemes of atmospheric models. At the same time, SURY preserves a low computational cost of bulk schemes for efficient numerical weather prediction and climate modelling at the convection-permitting scales. It offers versatility and consistency for employing both urban canopy parameters from bottom-up inventories and bulk parameters from top-down estimates. SURY is tested for Belgium at 2.8 km resolution with the COSMO-CLM model (v5.0_clm6) that is extended with the bulk urban land-surface scheme TERRA_URB (v2.0). The model reproduces very well the urban heat islands observed from in situ urban-climate observations, satellite imagery and tower observations, which is in contrast to the original COSMO-CLM model without an urban land-surface scheme. As an application of SURY, the sensitivity of atmospheric modelling with the COSMO-CLM model is addressed for the urban canopy parameter ranges from the local climate zones of http://WUDAPT.org. City-scale effects are found in modelling the land-surface temperatures, air temperatures and associated urban heat islands. Recommendations are formulated for more precise urban atmospheric modelling at the convection-permitting scales. It is concluded that urban canopy parametrizations including SURY, combined with the deployment of the WUDAPT urban database platform and advancements in atmospheric modelling systems, are essential.
Revised: 15 Aug 2016 – Accepted: 16 Aug 2016 – Published: 02 Sep 2016
Wouters, H., Demuzere, M., Blahak, U., Fortuniak, K., Maiheu, B., Camps, J., Tielemans, D., and van Lipzig, N. P. M.: The efficient urban canopy dependency parametrization (SURY) v1.0 for
atmospheric modelling: description and application with the COSMO-CLM model
for a Belgian summer, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 3027-3054, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-3027-2016, 2016.