An integrated user-friendly ArcMAP tool for bivariate statistical modelling in geoscience applications
Summary: The main contributions of this manuscript are • A novel and easy to use ArcMap tool is proposed for bivariate statistical analysis model implementation. • The developed tool facilitated and sped up the BSA modelling process of frequency ratio, weights of evidence, and evidential belief function. • This tool classifies the variables based on the acquired weights automatically. • All three methods were tested on a study area and landslide susceptibility maps were produced.
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 881-891, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-881-2015, 2015
RRAWFLOW: Rainfall-Response Aquifer and Watershed Flow Model (v1.15)
Summary: RRAWFLOW is a lumped-parameter model that simulates streamflow, springflow, groundwater level, or solute transport (available for download). For many applications, lumped models simulate the system response with equal accuracy to that of more complex distributed models. Gamma functions are used for estimation of impulse-response functions, and a spline fit to a set of points is introduced as an optional method for this purpose. Several options are included to simulate time-variant systems.
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 865-880, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-865-2015, 2015
Study of the Jacobian of an extended Kalman filter for soil analysis in SURFEXv5
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 845-863, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-845-2015, 2015
EDDA 1.0: integrated simulation of debris flow erosion, deposition and property changes
Summary: A new numerical model, EDDA, is developed for simulating debris-flow erosion, deposition, and associated changes in debris mass, properties, and topography. An adaptive time stepping algorithm is adopted to assure both numerical accuracy and computational efficiency. The performance of the model has been verified through four numerical tests and a large-scale case study. EDDA can be a powerful tool for debris-flow risk assessment in a large area and real-time landslide warning.
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 829-844, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-829-2015, 2015
Aerosol specification in single-column Community Atmosphere Model version 5
Summary: In this study we explore the problem in running default CAM5-SCM, which initializes the aerosol to zero, and test three potential fixes in four different cloud regimes: DYCOMSRF02, MPACE-B, RICO, and ARM95. Stratiform cloud cases (DYCOMS RF02 and MPACE-B) were found to have a strong dependence on aerosol concentration, while convective cases (RICO and ARM95) were relatively insensitive to aerosol specification.
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 817-828, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-817-2015, 2015
A global carbon assimilation system using a modified ensemble Kalman filter
Summary: A Global Carbon Assimilation System based on the Ensemble Kalman filter (GCAS-EK) is developed for assimilating atmospheric CO2 data into an ecosystem model to simultaneously estimate the surface carbon fluxes and atmospheric CO2 distribution. This assimilation approach is similar to CarbonTracker, but with several new developments. The results showed that this assimilation approach can effectively reduce the biases and uncertainties of the carbon fluxes simulated by the ecosystem model.
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 805-816, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-805-2015, 2015
Optimization of model parameters and experimental designs with the Optimal Experimental Design Toolbox (v1.0) exemplified by sedimentation in salt marshes
Summary: Model parameters are usually optimized based on measurements. These measurements are often time-consuming or costly. The conditions under which theses measurements are carried out, also called experimental designs, can be optimized so that with minimum effort and cost a maximum accuracy can be achieved. For this, we present different approaches together with their implementation in an MATLAB toolbox. We demonstrate their application to different models for sedimentation in salt marshes.
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 791-804, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-791-2015, 2015
Accelerating the spin-up of the coupled carbon and nitrogen cycle model in CLM4
Summary: 1. A gradient projection method was used to reduce the computation time of carbon-nitrogen spin-up processes in CLM4. 2. Point-scale simulations showed that the cyclic stability of total carbon for some cases differs from that of the periodic atmospheric forcing, and some cases even showed instability. 3. The instability issue is resolved after the hydrology scheme in CLM4 is replaced with a flow model for variably saturated porous media.
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 781-789, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-781-2015, 2015
Efficient performance of the Met Office Unified Model v8.2 on Intel Xeon partially used nodes
Summary: The trend in High Performance Computing (HPC) is for less memory bandwidth relative to the computational power of each core. With each CPU having multiple cores, the best way of using HPC systems is not always straightforward. For some time critical applications, shorter run times can be obtained by using only some of the cores per CPU and keeping the others idle. A number of factors are required to consider, but this provides a simple technique for a significant gain in the application speed.
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 769-779, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-769-2015, 2015
Quantitative evaluation of ozone and selected climate parameters in a set of EMAC simulations
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 733-768, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-733-2015, 2015
Mechanistic site-based emulation of a global ocean biogeochemical model (MEDUSA 1.0) for parametric analysis and calibration: an application of the Marine Model Optimization Testbed (MarMOT 1.1)
Summary: Effective calibration of global models is inhibited by the computational demands of 3-D simulations. As a solution for the NEMO-MEDUSA model, we present an efficient emulator of surface chlorophyll as a function of MEDUSA’s biogeochemical parameters. The emulator comprises an array of site-based 1-D simulators and a quantification of uncertainty in their predictions. It is able to produce robust probabilistic estimates of 3-D model output rapidly for comparison with satellite chlorophyll.
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 697-731, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-697-2015, 2015
Generalized background error covariance matrix model (GEN_BE v2.0)
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 669-696, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-669-2015, 2015
Evaluation of the global aerosol microphysical ModelE2-TOMAS model against satellite and ground-based observations
Summary: We have implemented the TwO-Moment Aerosol Sectional (TOMAS) microphysics model in NASA GISS ModelE2, called “ModelE2-TOMAS”. We compared global budgets of ModelE2-TOMAS to other global aerosol models and evaluated the model with various observations such as aerosol precursor gas, aerosol mass, number concentrations, and aerosol optical depth. We found that ModelE2-TOMAS agrees with observations reasonably and that its predictions are within the range of other global aerosol model predictions.
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 631-667, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-631-2015, 2015
Implementing marine organic aerosols into the GEOS-Chem model
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 619-629, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-619-2015, 2015
Regional climate hindcast simulations within EURO-CORDEX: evaluation of a WRF multi-physics ensemble
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 603-618, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-603-2015, 2015
Development of a grid-independent GEOS-Chem chemical transport model (v9-02) as an atmospheric chemistry module for Earth system models
Summary: This paper presents results from the modularization of the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model, and its coupling as the chemical operator within the NASA-GMAO GEOS-5 Earth system model (ESM). The key findings are that chemistry within the modular GEOS-Chem system shows consistent, high strong-scaling properties across the range of distributed processors, transport is the limiting component prohibiting efficient scalability, and GEOS-Chem is able to generate suitable chemical results in an ESM.
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 595-602, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-595-2015, 2015
A statistical downscaling method for daily air temperature in data-sparse, glaciated mountain environments
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 579-593, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-579-2015, 2015
Characterising Brazilian biomass burning emissions using WRF-Chem with MOSAIC sectional aerosol
Summary: The regional WRF-Chem model was used to study aerosol particles from biomass burning in South America. The modelled estimates of fire plume injection heights were found to be too high, with serious implications for modelled aerosol vertical distribution, transport and impacts on local climate. A modified emission scenario was developed which improved the predicted injection height. Model results were compared and evaluated against in situ measurements from the 2012 SAMBBA flight campaign.
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 549-577, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-549-2015, 2015
Firedrake-Fluids v0.1: numerical modelling of shallow water flows using an automated solution framework
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 533-547, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-533-2015, 2015
Development and basic evaluation of a prognostic aerosol scheme (v1) in the CNRM Climate Model CNRM-CM6
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 501-531, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-501-2015, 2015