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Volume 10, issue 12 | Copyright
Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 4693-4722, 2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Development and technical paper 22 Dec 2017

Development and technical paper | 22 Dec 2017

Towards a more detailed representation of high-latitude vegetation in the global land surface model ORCHIDEE (ORC-HL-VEGv1.0)

Arsène Druel et al.
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Cited articles
Aiba, S.-I. and Kohyama, T.: Tree Species Stratification in Relation to Allometry and Demography in a Warm-Temperate Rain Forest, J. Ecol., 84, 207–218,, 1996.
Ball, J. T., Woodrow, I. E., and Berry, J. A.: A Model Predicting Stomatal Conductance and its Contribution to the Control of Photosynthesis under Different Environmental Conditions, in: Progress in Photosynthesis Research, edited by: Biggins, J., 221–224, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, available at: (last access: 28 April 2016), 1987.
Bastrikov, V., MacBean, N., Peylin, P., Bacour, C., Santaren, D., and Kuppel, S.: Land surface model parameter optimisation using in-situ flux data: comparison of gradient-based versus random search algorithms, in preparation, Geosci. Model Dev., 2018.
Baudena, M., Dekker, S. C., van Bodegom, P. M., Cuesta, B., Higgins, S. I., Lehsten, V., Reick, C. H., Rietkerk, M., Scheiter, S., Yin, Z., Zavala, M. A., and Brovkin, V.: Forests, savannas, and grasslands: bridging the knowledge gap between ecology and Dynamic Global Vegetation Models, Biogeosciences, 12, 1833–1848,, 2015.
Bentley, J. R., Seegrist, D., and Blakeman, D. A.: A technique for sampling low shrub vegetation, by cromwn volume classes, Res Note PSW-RN-215 Berkeley CA US Dep. Agric. For. Serv. Pac. Southwest For. Range Exp. Stn., 12 pp., 1970.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
To improve the simulation of vegetation–climate feedbacks at high latitudes, three new circumpolar vegetation types were added in the ORCHIDEE land surface model: bryophytes (mosses) and lichens, Arctic shrubs, and Arctic grasses. This article is an introduction to the modification of vegetation distribution and physical behaviour, implying for example lower productivity, roughness, and higher winter albedo or freshwater discharge in the Arctic Ocean.
To improve the simulation of vegetation–climate feedbacks at high latitudes, three new...