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Geoscientific Model Development An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 11, issue 4
Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 1421-1442, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-1421-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 1421-1442, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-1421-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Model experiment description paper 13 Apr 2018

Model experiment description paper | 13 Apr 2018

A protocol for the intercomparison of marine fishery and ecosystem models: Fish-MIP v1.0

Derek P. Tittensor1,2, Tyler D. Eddy2,3, Heike K. Lotze2, Eric D. Galbraith4,5, William Cheung3, Manuel Barange6,7, Julia L. Blanchard8, Laurent Bopp9, Andrea Bryndum-Buchholz2, Matthias Büchner10, Catherine Bulman11, David A. Carozza12, Villy Christensen13, Marta Coll14,15,30, John P. Dunne16, Jose A. Fernandes7,17, Elizabeth A. Fulton11,18, Alistair J. Hobday11,18, Veronika Huber10, Simon Jennings19,20,21, Miranda Jones3, Patrick Lehodey22, Jason S. Link23, Steve Mackinson19, Olivier Maury24,25, Susa Niiranen26, Ricardo Oliveros-Ramos27, Tilla Roy9,28, Jacob Schewe10, Yunne-Jai Shin24,29, Tiago Silva19, Charles A. Stock16, Jeroen Steenbeek30, Philip J. Underwood1, Jan Volkholz10, James R. Watson31, and Nicola D. Walker19 Derek P. Tittensor et al.
  • 1United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CB3 0DL, UK
  • 2Department of Biology, Life Sciences Centre, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, N.S., B3H 4R2, Canada
  • 3Nippon Foundation-Nereus Program, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1Z4, Canada
  • 4Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), 08010 Barcelona, Spain
  • 5Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA) and Department of Mathematics, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
  • 6Fisheries and Aquaculture Policy and Resources Division, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), 00153 Rome, Italy
  • 7Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Prospect Place, The Hoe, Plymouth, PL13 DH, UK
  • 8Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, 20 Castray Esplanade, Battery Point. TAS. 7004, Private Bag 129, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
  • 9Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace/Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, CNRS/CEA/UVSQ, CE Saclay, Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France
  • 10Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Telegrafenberg A56, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
  • 11CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
  • 12Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, McGill University, 3450 University Street, Montreal, H3A 0E8, Canada
  • 13Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
  • 14Institute of Marine Science (ICM-CSIC), Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta, no 37-49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
  • 15Institut de Recherche pour le Développment, UMR MARBEC & LMI ICEMASA, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch, Cape Town 7701, South Africa
  • 16Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
  • 17AZTI, Herrera Kaia, Portualdea z/g, 20110 Pasaia (Gipuzkoa), Spain
  • 18Centre for Marine Socioecology, University of Tasmania, 20 Castray Esplanade, Battery Point, Tasmania, 7004, Australia
  • 19Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas), Lowestoft Laboratory, Lowestoft, NR33 0HT, UK
  • 20School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
  • 21International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, H. C. Andersens Blvd 44–46, 1553 København V, Denmark
  • 22CLS, 11 rue Hermes 31520, Ramonville Saint Agne, France
  • 23National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, 166 Water Street, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
  • 24IRD (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement) – UMR 248 MARBEC (IRD-IFREMER-CNRS-Université Montpellier), av Jean Monnet CS 30171, 34203 Sète cedex, France
  • 25University of Cape Town, Dept. of Oceanography – International Lab. ICEMASA Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 26Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Kräftriket 2B, 114 19 Stockholm, Sweden
  • 27Instituto del Mar del Perú (IMARPE). Gamarra y General Valle s/n Chucuito, Callao, Perú
  • 28ECOCEANA (Ecosystem, Climate and Ocean Analysis), 57 Rue Archereau, 75019 Paris, France
  • 29University of Cape Town, Marine Research (MA-RE) Institute, Department of Biological Sciences, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
  • 30Ecopath International Initiative (EII), 08193 Barcelona, Spain
  • 31College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97330, USA

Abstract. Model intercomparison studies in the climate and Earth sciences communities have been crucial to building credibility and coherence for future projections. They have quantified variability among models, spurred model development, contrasted within- and among-model uncertainty, assessed model fits to historical data, and provided ensemble projections of future change under specified scenarios. Given the speed and magnitude of anthropogenic change in the marine environment and the consequent effects on food security, biodiversity, marine industries, and society, the time is ripe for similar comparisons among models of fisheries and marine ecosystems. Here, we describe the Fisheries and Marine Ecosystem Model Intercomparison Project protocol version 1.0 (Fish-MIP v1.0), part of the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP), which is a cross-sectoral network of climate impact modellers. Given the complexity of the marine ecosystem, this class of models has substantial heterogeneity of purpose, scope, theoretical underpinning, processes considered, parameterizations, resolution (grain size), and spatial extent. This heterogeneity reflects the lack of a unified understanding of the marine ecosystem and implies that the assemblage of all models is more likely to include a greater number of relevant processes than any single model. The current Fish-MIP protocol is designed to allow these heterogeneous models to be forced with common Earth System Model (ESM) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) outputs under prescribed scenarios for historic (from the 1950s) and future (to 2100) time periods; it will be adapted to CMIP phase 6 (CMIP6) in future iterations. It also describes a standardized set of outputs for each participating Fish-MIP model to produce. This enables the broad characterization of differences between and uncertainties within models and projections when assessing climate and fisheries impacts on marine ecosystems and the services they provide. The systematic generation, collation, and comparison of results from Fish-MIP will inform an understanding of the range of plausible changes in marine ecosystems and improve our capacity to define and convey the strengths and weaknesses of model-based advice on future states of marine ecosystems and fisheries. Ultimately, Fish-MIP represents a step towards bringing together the marine ecosystem modelling community to produce consistent ensemble medium- and long-term projections of marine ecosystems.

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Model intercomparison studies in the climate and Earth sciences communities have been crucial for strengthening future projections. Given the speed and magnitude of anthropogenic change in the marine environment, the time is ripe for similar comparisons among models of fisheries and marine ecosystems. We describe the Fisheries and Marine Ecosystem Model Intercomparison Project, which brings together the marine ecosystem modelling community to inform long-term projections of marine ecosystems.
Model intercomparison studies in the climate and Earth sciences communities have been crucial...
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