Journal cover Journal topic
Geoscientific Model Development An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 185-191, 2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Model experiment description paper
30 Jan 2012
Climate forcing reconstructions for use in PMIP simulations of the Last Millennium (v1.1)
G. A. Schmidt1, J. H. Jungclaus2, C. M. Ammann3, E. Bard4, P. Braconnot5, T. J. Crowley6, G. Delaygue7, F. Joos8,9, N. A. Krivova10, R. Muscheler11, B. L. Otto-Bliesner3, J. Pongratz12, D. T. Shindell1, S. K. Solanki10,13, F. Steinhilber14, and L. E. A. Vieira15 1NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Center for Climate Systems Research, Columbia University, New York, USA
2Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstrasse 53, 20146 Hamburg, Germany
3National Center for Atmospheric Research, 1850 Table Mesa Drive, Boulder, Colorado, USA
4Université Aix-Marseille III/CNRS/IRD/Collège de France, CEREGE, Europôle de l'Arbois, BP 80, 13545 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 04, France
5Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Gif Sur Yvette, France
6School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
7Université Joseph Fourier-Grenoble I/CNRS, LGGE, 54 rue Molière, St-Martin-d'Hères, France
8Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute, University of Bern, Sidlerstrasse 5, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
9Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
10Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
11Department of Earth and Ecosystem Sciences, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, 22362 Lund, Sweden
12Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Global Ecology, 260 Panama St., Stanford, CA 94305, USA
13School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi 446-701, Korea
14Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, EAWAG, 8600 Dübendorf, Überlandstrasse 133, Switzerland
15Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l'Environnement et de l'Espace and Université d'Orléans, 3A, Avenue de la Recherche, 45071 Orléans cedex 2, France
Abstract. We update the forcings for the PMIP3 experiments for the Last Millennium to include new assessments of historical land use changes and discuss new suggestions for calibrating solar activity proxies to total solar irradiance.

Citation: Schmidt, G. A., Jungclaus, J. H., Ammann, C. M., Bard, E., Braconnot, P., Crowley, T. J., Delaygue, G., Joos, F., Krivova, N. A., Muscheler, R., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Pongratz, J., Shindell, D. T., Solanki, S. K., Steinhilber, F., and Vieira, L. E. A.: Climate forcing reconstructions for use in PMIP simulations of the Last Millennium (v1.1), Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 185-191,, 2012.
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