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Geoscientific Model Development An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 7, issue 6 | Copyright
Geosci. Model Dev., 7, 2831-2857, 2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Model description paper 03 Dec 2014

Model description paper | 03 Dec 2014

GEOtop 2.0: simulating the combined energy and water balance at and below the land surface accounting for soil freezing, snow cover and terrain effects

S. Endrizzi et al.
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Cited articles
Abbott, M., Bathurst, J., Cunge, J., O'Connell, P., and Rasmussen, J.: An introduction to the European Hydrological System – Systeme Hydrologique Europeen, "SHE", 1: History and philosophy of a physically-based, distributed modelling system, J. Hydrol., 87, 45–59, 1986.
Anderson, E. A.: A point energy and mass balance model of a snow cover, Tech. rep., Office of Hydrology, National Weather Service, Silver Spring, MA, USA, 1976.
Armijo, L.: Minimization of functions having Lipschitz continuous first partial derivatives, Pacific J. Math., 6, 1–3, 1966.
Atwater, M. and Brown, P. S.: Numerical computation of the latitudinal variations of solar radiation for an atmosphere of varying opacity, J. Appl. Meteorol., 13, 289–297, 1974.
Auer, A. H. J.: The rain versus snow threshold temperatures, Weatherwise, 27, p. 67, 1974.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
GEOtop is a fine scale grid-based simulator that represents the heat and water budgets at and below the soil surface, reproduces the highly non-linear interactions between the water and energy balance during soil freezing and thawing and simulates snow cover. The core components of GEOtop 2.0. are described. Based on a synthetic simulation, it is shown that the interaction of processes represented in GEOtop 2.0. can result in phenomena that are relevant for applications involving frozen soils.
GEOtop is a fine scale grid-based simulator that represents the heat and water budgets at and...