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Geoscientific Model Development An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 9, issue 11
Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 3993–4017, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3993-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) Experimental...

Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 3993–4017, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3993-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Model experiment description paper 09 Nov 2016

Model experiment description paper | 09 Nov 2016

The Flux-Anomaly-Forced Model Intercomparison Project (FAFMIP) contribution to CMIP6: investigation of sea-level and ocean climate change in response to CO2 forcing

Jonathan M. Gregory et al.
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Banks, H. T. and Gregory, J. M.: Mechanisms of ocean heat uptake in a coupled climate model and the implications for tracer based predictions of ocean heat uptake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L07608, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005GL025352, 2006.
Banks, H. T., Stark, S., and Keen, A. B.: The adjustment of the coupled climate model HadGEM1 towards equilibrium and the impact on global climate, J. Climate, 20, 5815–5826, https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JCLI1688.1, 2007.
Bilbao, R. A. F., Gregory, J. M., and Bouttes, N.: Analysis of the regional pattern of sea level change due to ocean dynamics and density changes for 1993–2099 in observations and CMIP5 AOGCMs, Clim. Dynam., 45, 2647–2666, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2499-z, 2015.
Böning, C. W., Dispert, A., Visbeck, M., Rintoul, S. R., and Schwarzkopf, F. U.: The response of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current to recent climate change, Nat. Geosci., 1, 864–869, https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo362, 2008.
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As a consequence of greenhouse gas emissions, changes in ocean temperature, salinity, circulation and sea level are expected in coming decades. Among the models used for climate projections for the 21st century, there is a large spread in projections of these effects. The Flux-Anomaly-Forced Model Intercomparison Project (FAFMIP) aims to investigate and explain this spread by prescribing a common set of changes in the input of heat, water and wind stress to the ocean in the participating models.
As a consequence of greenhouse gas emissions, changes in ocean temperature, salinity,...
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